Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn mainly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes.[three] Far more usually, pajamas might make reference to many garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variants of style and substance.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Company rule in India.[seven]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase and also the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and 19th generations, as well as the British impact on the wider Western environment in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they before long fell away from vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain along with the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is employed by various individuals in India e.g. by Gals of assorted classes, by Sikh Guys, and most muske pidzame by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an posting of dishabille and of night attire, and is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It's possible that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other individuals from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty decades back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's because of the White Ants."[ten]
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-trousers combination made of tender material, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor generally features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas will often be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas function a drop seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a toilet. Drop seats had been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in design which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, within the US, they've at times incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a style of short dress leading above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.